Sexually transmitted diseases, commonly known as STDs, are serious infections spread by having sexual intercourse with someone who has an STD. Sexually transmitted diseases STDs require treatment, no matter whether you are pregnant or not. But if you are pregnant, you are not the only one at risk. STDs can complicate your pregnancy and cause health issues for you and your baby.
What Happens When You Get Pregnant With An STD?
STDs like genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, and syphilis can be easily transmitted to your unborn. Moreover, having STDs can hurt the unborn baby’s health and cause severe complications in your pregnancy.
An infertility specialist doctors stated that STDs in pregnant women could cause:
- Premature labour. Early birth is one of the leading causes of infant death and leads to long-term health problems in children.
- STDs like syphilis and HIV can cross the placenta and cause infection in the baby in the womb.
- Other STDs like gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, hepatitis B, and genital herpes can be transmitted from the mother to the baby through the birth canal and lead to incurable healthy issues.
There are various harmful effects of passing an STD on to a baby. Your baby may suffer from the following:
- Acute hepatitis
- Chronic liver disease
- Blood infection
- Brain damage
What Treatments Are Available To Prevent Health Problems From STDs During Pregnancy?
You can prevent some of the health problems caused by STDs during pregnancy with prenatal screening.
Prenatal tests will allow the infertility specialist to look for congenital disabilities in your unborn child and suggest the following treatments:
- STDs caused by bacteria can be cured with antibiotics. Your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to prevent disease transmission to the unborn child.
- STDs caused by viruses generally have no cure. You will be given antiviral medications to help reduce the symptoms. Women with STDs like herpes are recommended to have a C-section to prevent passing the infection to the baby.
- It is advisable not to breastfeed your baby as there is a high chance of passing the disease from the mother to the child.
Always engage in protected sex to prevent STDs. Also, do a pre-marital blood test to identify STDs and avoid the risk of transmitting the disease to each other and your children.
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